Thursday, September 20
What is Stroke? | Symptoms, Types, Treatment

What is Stroke? | Symptoms, Types, Treatment

Symptoms & Treatment
Types of Stroke and their Diagnosis A stroke occurs when the flow of blood gets cut off to a part of your brain. It means that the brain cannot receive oxygen and without that, the brain cells can get damaged within minutes. That is why it’s important for you to reach the hospital if you think you are having a stroke.                 Symptoms of stroke can be different for different people. You can check symptoms of stroke by many methods. If one side of the face sags on smiling or if you raise both arms and see one arm dropping, or if you sound strange/slurred, you may be having a stroke. If you experience any such signs then visit the hospital right away and also note what time the symptoms started. Once you reach
NIPT: Every Pregnant Woman Should Know

NIPT: Every Pregnant Woman Should Know

Pregnancy Test
NIPT- Noninvasive Prenatal Test NIPT also known as noninvasive prenatal testing is a blood screening done to determine if the babies DNA is normal or it indicates risk for having genetic disorders including Down syndrome. The pieces of your baby’s DNA circulates in your bloodstream and this is tested. NIPT won’t be able to analyze for sure whether the baby has the actual chromosomal disorder but will only be able to tell the probability of having that condition. The results of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) helps the doctor to decide the next steps, including other diagnostic tests such as CVS, also known as chorionic villus sampling, or amniocentesis. These lab tests analyze the baby’s genetic material that is collected from the placenta or amniotic fluid for a chromosome abn
Common Tests During Pregnancy

Common Tests During Pregnancy

Pregnancy Test
Common Tests During Pregnancy A pregnancy lasts up to 40 weeks and these weeks are grouped into three different trimesters. The second trimester is 13-27 weeks of pregnancy. By the second trimester, the baby grows larger in size and becomes stronger. Most women think the second trimester is easier than the first but it’s important to be informed about the pregnancy during the second trimester as well.The more you understand about your pregnancy, week after week, the more it helps you make informed decisions and help you with the big changes coming ahead. During the second trimester of your pregnancy, the symptoms that you may have had during the first trimester begins to improve. However you may see other changes or symptoms, like dizziness due to low blood pressure, body aches, th
First Trimester Screening

First Trimester Screening

Pregnancy Test
First Trimester Screening                     First trimester screening is a prenatal test that allows us to get information on the baby’s risk of having some congenital anomalies causing Down’s Syndrome also known as trisomy 21 or Edwards syndrome also known as trisomy 18. First trimester screening involves combined Laboratory tests such as: Blood test: This lab test is taken to measure the levels of two pregnancy-specific substances present in the mother's blood - Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein A and HCG (Human chorionic gonadotropin).    Ultra Sound: The ultrasound is done to analyze the amount of the clear space in the tissue at the back of the neck also known as nuchal transl
The Sleeping Hormone

The Sleeping Hormone

Little Steps Healthy Impacts
The Sleeping Hormone The sleeping hormone also known as melatonin is present in the body and plays a role in sleep. The production of melatonin and the release in the brain is connected to the time of the day; it increases in dark and decreases in light. The production of melatonin decreases with age. Melatonin is also a supplement available as an oral tablet. Most of these melatonin supplements are produced in a lab. People usually use melatonin for insomnia or jet lag also known as sleep disorders. Unlike other sleep medications, melatonin is a medication that you are unlikely to become dependent on even if you use it repeatedly. It is also called the Vampire hormone because it is produced in the dark and inhibited by the light. The levels of melatonin produced increase at night and fal...
How is COPD Diagnosed?

How is COPD Diagnosed?

Symptoms & Treatment
How is COPD Diagnosed? People who suffer from obstructive lung disease also known as airway obstruction have difficulty in breathing out all the air from the lungs. Due to the damage to the lungs the airways inside the lungs get narrowed, and breathing out all the air becomes slower than normal. In such a case, the chances are that the air may still stay behind in the lungs. The common causes of obstructive lung disease are COPD or Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (including emphysema and chronic bronchitis) Asthma, Bronchitis and Cystic fibrosis. Obstructive lung disease makes it very difficult for a person to inhale or exhale during any increased activity or exertion. This initially happens due to exercise but after some time the problem may occurs at rest. In general the ra...
Tuberculosis: The Dreaded Disease | Symptoms & Diagnosis

Tuberculosis: The Dreaded Disease | Symptoms & Diagnosis

Symptoms & Treatment
Tuberculosis: The Dreaded Disease | Symptoms & Diagnosis Tuberculosis (TB) of the lungs is a transmittable infection caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can spread to other parts of the body including brain and spine. Tuberculosis has been a leading cause of death all around the world; however today most of the patients are cured with antibiotics. It takes a long time to heal tuberculosis and a person may have to take medications up to 6-9 months or more. Tuberculosis can be spread through air, it spreads when we breathe in the released germs and we can get infected. Though tuberculosis is transmittable, it is not that easy to catch it. The germs usually grow very slowly. Sometimes when we spend a lot of our time with the person who has TB, those ge...
Pneumonia: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Pneumonia: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Symptoms & Treatment
Pneumonia: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment Pneumonia is an infection that occurs in the lungs. This can be a serious life-threatening disease or it can be mild as well. Pneumonia has a lot of possible causes but it normally starts with bacterial or fungal infections. The lungs become swollen and the small air sacs present inside the lungs fill with liquid. Pneumonia can occur at any age, but it is more risky at older ages because of underlying health factors or weak immune system. Among infants it is also severe as they are prone to more infections. There are a lot of germs that can cause pneumonia, but the most common ones are viruses and bacteria present in air that we inhale. Healthy bodies at all times may not be able to prevent germs from infecting the lungs as they may overpower the ...
What is Asthma? | Causes, Symptoms, Attack, Treatments

What is Asthma? | Causes, Symptoms, Attack, Treatments

Symptoms & Treatment
Asthma: Causes, Symptoms, Attack and Treatments Asthma is one of the diseases that affect the passage of breathing in the airways of the lungs (bronchioles). It can be caused due to long-term swelling of these passages which make the breathing tubes highly sensitive to a variety of “triggers”. When these swellings occur the airway are filled with mucus. Muscles which are present in the breathing passage when starts to contract causing the narrowing of the breathing passage which makes it difficult for the air to be exhaled from the lungs. This conflict of exhaling causes the symptoms of an asthma attack. Asthma is also known as obstructive lung disease. Medical terms for such lung diseases is often known as COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), which actually belongs to a g
Bronchitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

Bronchitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

Symptoms & Treatment
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Bronchitis When there is irritation of the lining of your bronchial tubes that carry air back and forth from your lungs, its called bronchitis generally people who have bronchitis, cough up thick mucus, which can be discolored. The irritations on the lining of the bronchial tubes are caused to due various viruses such as flu and some bacteria’s. Bronchitis may possibly be either acute or chronic. If recently you have had a cold that may have turned into a cough then you might have an acute bronchitis where as if your cough is producing persistent mucus that lasts longer than 3 months or more then it might be a chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is a shorter illness which may be known as cold or viral infection which lasts only for a few days