The Role of Vitamin D in the body and the problems associated with its deficiency

The Role of Vitamin D in the body and the problems associated with its deficiency

More than 65% of people are found deficient in Vitamin D. The earlier knowledge about vitamin D was that it plays a role in the calcium and phosphorous metabolism and helps to deposit the calcium in the bones hence making them stronger. It also blocks the release of a hormone called parathormone which causes reabsorption …

UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS (URIS)

UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS (URIS)

Upper respiratory tract infections (URIs) are amongst the most common infections in the adults and children. Although the respiratory infections can happen any time they are more common in winter. The cause of the upper respiratory infections are normally viral infections, however bacterial infections may also lead to URI. The patients mainly present with cough, …

CANCER OF THE LIVER

CANCER OF THE LIVER

Different types of cancers can arise from the liver, and the commonest amongst them are hepatocellular carcinoma, which arises from the liver cell or hepatocyte, cholangiocarcinoma (arising from the bile ducts) and hepatoblastoma, where the cancer mimics foetal liver cells .More common than the tumours arising from the liver are the tumours that arise from …

Fatty Liver

Fatty Liver

Hepatic steatosis also commonly called Fatty liver is a condition where there is presence of excess fat within the liver cells. Fatty liver can be reversed by lifestyle modifications and does not cause permanent damage if reversed. However long standing fatty liver impairs the normal functioning of the liver and can also lead to permanent …

NATURAL COURSE OF HEPATITIS C

NATURAL COURSE OF HEPATITIS C

In patients with hepatitis C infection, 25-50% clears the infection spontaneously. These are diagnosed by positive anti-HCV antibodies and negative HCV RNA. These patients also have normal liver enzyme levels. More women clear the infection then men. Patients who develop chronic HCV usually have nonspecific symptoms such as malaise and fatigue. On investigation these patients …

PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS B AND HEPATITIS B VACCINE

PREVENTION OF HEPATITIS B AND HEPATITIS B VACCINE

The  best way to prevent hepatitis B infection is to get vaccinated .A person needs to be administered three injections over a period of  six-month .Combination vaccines against hepatitis A and hepatitis B are also available. Combination vaccines for the paediatric age group   that protect against HBV, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis) and poliovirus are …

Go an extra mile to change your lifestyle – Hypertension

Go an extra mile to change your lifestyle – Hypertension

By: Dr. Varsha Dalal (Consultant Pathologist at Lifeline Laboratory) When was the last time you checked out the sodium content of the biscuits that accompany your morning /evening tea. Everybody is very careful about the sugar/carbohydrate content of the processed foods available in the market due to the high prevalence and awareness of diabetes but sodium …