Best pathology lab, Blood test labs in Delhi, Best pathology lab in Delhi, Best lab in Delhi, Blood test in Delhi, Blood test labs in New Delhi, pathology labs in Delhi, Path labs in Delhi, Sugar test labs Delhi, Best path lab Delhi, Best pathology labs in Delhi NCR, Best pathology labs in Delhi, Best diagnostic lab in Delhi, Best path lab in Delhi, Thyroid test in Delhi, Online blood test Delhi, Blood test lab, Labs in Delhi, Delhi test labs , Blood test labs Delhi, Pathology lab Delhi, Path lab Delhi, Clinical path labs, Blood testing labs in Delhi, Lifeline Laboratory
Ask the Expert

AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES- LET US KNOW MORE

Spread the love
Best pathology lab, Blood test labs in Delhi, Best pathology lab in Delhi, Best lab in Delhi, Blood test in Delhi, Blood test labs in New Delhi, pathology labs in Delhi, Path labs in Delhi, Sugar test labs Delhi, Best path lab Delhi, Best pathology labs in Delhi NCR, Best pathology labs in Delhi, Best diagnostic lab in Delhi, Best path lab in Delhi, Thyroid test in Delhi, Online blood test Delhi, Blood test lab, Labs in Delhi, Delhi test labs , Blood test labs Delhi, Pathology lab Delhi, Path lab Delhi, Clinical path labs, Blood testing labs in Delhi, Lifeline Laboratory

WHAT ARE THEY?

These are a group of diseases which occur due to improper functioning of the body’s immune system. The immune system is responsible for fighting against foreign bodies and infectious agents that attack the human body by producing antibodies. Infrequently, this system starts producing autoantibodies that attack the body’s own cells and tissues. Hence, the word autoimmunity is used.

WHAT ARE THE COMMON AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES?

  1. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus- Antibodies attack insulin secreting cells in the pancreas leading to hypoinsulinemia and raised glucose in blood.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis- In this disease, the autoimmunity happens against joints leading to joint swelling, pain and eventually joint damage.
  3. Multiple Sclerosis- Nerve cells are attacked by autoantibodies causing pain, weakness and muscle spasms.
  4. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)- Autoantibodies are produced against a variety of healthy tissues like joints, nerves, kidneys causing multiple organ damage.
  5. Grave’s disease- Antibodies attack on thyroid gland to produce more thyroxine hormone causing hyperthyroidism.
  6. Sjogren’s syndrome- Antibodies attck on the lubricating glands of eyes and mouth causing dry eyes and mouth.

WHAT CAUSES AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE?

The cause is largely unknown. It is usually a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Certain infections like Epstein Barr virus (EBV), Mumps virus, Measles virus, Cytomegalovirus (CMV)and Coxsackie virus B4  are also known to cause autoimmune diseases.  Stress is also a major contributing factor.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

Signs and symptoms vary according to the disease but in general patients suffer from :

  • muscle aches
  • fatigue
  • low grade fever
  • low concentration
  • hair loss
  • skin rashes
  • joint pain
  • abdominal pain

HOW TO DIAGNOSE AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES?

There is no single test but a battery of tests that are run to reach a final diagnosis in these cases.

and many more depending on the type of disease suspected.

HOW DO WE TREAT IT?

Treatment consists of pain relievers like NSAIDS, steroids and immunosuppressive therapy.  These diseases cannot be cured permanently and the aim is to provide symptomatic relief.

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *