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Common Winter Diseases

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Winter is the season that is the coldest in the entire year and is also one where most of you would like the idea of Hot Beverages in a cozy set up. But is that all you need to be prepared for in the Winter? The answer is NO. This is because with winter, comes Common Winter Diseases.

Common Winter Diseases are outcomes of the extreme cold weathers and while many of us would like to tour the South to feel relief that might not just be the right idea to prevent yourself from Common Winter Diseases because no one is ever safe from the winter season.

Research by William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert noted that viruses thrive in cold weather when there is no humidity. Studies also suggest that viruses remain in the air for a prolonged time period so that the person who is sufficiently close to the infected person can breathe it in.

Here are some Common Winter Diseases that one must take precautions for:

Common Cold

Fact is that Rhinovirus, the bug that is the most common cause of common cold, thrives in the dry climate and cold temperature.

How it Spreads:

  • Air-Borne Respiratory Droplets: Coughs and Sneezes
  • Skin-to-skin contact: Handshakes and Hugs
  • Saliva: Sharing Drinks,
  • Touching contaminated surfaces: Doorknob, Blanket, Plug points, etc

Symptoms:

  • Nasal Congestion
  • Sore Throat
  • Headache
  • Low-grade Fever
  • Cough
  • Running Nose
  • Sneezing
  • Congestion

Now, if you have already been caught by the common cold, here are some tips you will need to recover:

  • Take decongestants.
  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Use a humidifier only to open up your clogged nose.
  • Use a disposable tissue instead of handkerchiefs only to avoid reinfecting your hands.
  • Use saline rinses.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an infection that involves inflammation of lining of bronchial tubes that are supposed to carry air to and from your lungs. Bronchitis occurs in two types, namely – Acute and Chronic.

Acute Bronchitis is one which is most common but does not usually cause too many problems. On the other hand, Chronic Bronchitis is a more serious one. It keeps coming back from time to time and does not go away.

How it Spreads:

  • Breathing in polluted air, and other irritants like chemical fumes or dust
  • Smoking or breathing in a secondhand smoke for a long time

Symptoms:

  • Inflammation or swelling in your bronchial tubes
  • Coughing up thickened mucus (white, yellow, or green in colour)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing (A whistling sound while breathing)
  • Cough
  • Discomfort in chest/Chest congestion
  • Fatigue/Weakness
  • Sore Throat

A treatment for Bronchitis includes soothing remedies which can help with the coughing that causes all the further symptoms of Bronchitis.

Asthma

Asthma is a condition in which the airways narrow down, swell, and produce extra mucus. Now, if you are wondering why Asthma is mentioned under common winter diseases is because cold air is a major trigger of asthma symptoms which is why experts recommend asthma patients to stay indoors on extreme cold & windy days.

Symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Mucus
  • Wheezing
  • Chest pain

Fact: Asthma is neither a contagious disease nor is it communicable.

A treatment for Asthma includes Bronchodilator, Steroid, and Anti-inflammatory. To take more precautions, one must also quit smoking.

The Flu

The Flu, sometimes also called influenza, is a common viral infection and is considered as a major killer of vulnerable people. Here vulnerable includes young children, older adults, people with chronic diseases, people with weak immune systems, and pregnant women.

Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Muscle ache
  • Cough
  • Congestion
  • Running nose
  • Headache
  • Fatigue/Weakness

Precaution tip: The Flu might initially be mistaken for common cold but comes on quickly with high fever and adds to the symptoms of the flu.

A treatment for the flu includes rest and fluid intake that allows the body to fight the infection by itself. Although a paracetamol helps to cure the symptoms but the NSAIDs must be avoided. Annual vaccines can help in preventing individuals from the flu and also limits its complications.

Norovirus

Norovirus, also known as an extremely infectious stomach bug, is a food-borne disease that is caused by contaminated foods or surfaces. This disease which is common during winters has a highly contagious virus that can cause vomiting and diarrhoea. It is not immune to any individual and can infect anyone.

Symptoms:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Abdominal pain or cramps
  • Muscle pain
  • Low-grade fever

Precaution:

  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Drink lots of water & fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Avoid contaminated food
  • Wash fruits & vegetables before eating

Strep Throat

Strep Throat, also called streptococcal pharyngitis, is an infection that transmits by direct contact with the mucus or sores of someone who is already suffering from a strep throat.

Symptoms:

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes (neck)
  • Headache
  • Stomach ache
  • Vomiting

A treatment for a strep throat is necessary to reduce its complications. Consultation from a doctor is necessary as it can help in controlling the pain and soreness in the throat.

While we discussed some of the most Common Winter Diseases with you above, one thing that cannot be missed out is that most of these diseases have same symptoms which is why it becomes harder to analyse which disease one is suffering from without the help of any expert. Our experts at the Lifeline Laboratory can provide you with the best insights and can help you in curing diseases for a better health and wellness.

Feel free to reach out to experts from Lifeline Laboratory for any other health relating issues. You can also book your appointment with us through the web or by giving us a call @011-49575700

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