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Diabetes

Diabetes: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatment

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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes, also known as high blood glucose, is a disease that results in too much sugar in the blood. Blood Glucose in the blood circulates through the food we eat. Now Insulin is a hormone that is made by the pancreas which further helps glucose in breaking down from food into tiny particles in order to absorb in the body cells for further consumption as energy.

Fact: Blood Glucose is the main source of energy in the body.

Now, there are some instances where the body does not make enough or any insulin at all. This is when glucose stays in the blood and fails to reach the body cells. Now, you might probably find it easy to connect dots that when glucose stays in the blood stream for a long time, it can lead to several health problems including heart diseases, stroke, kidney diseases, eye problems, dental diseases, nerve damages, foot problems, etc…

You must also know that there is no going back from Diabetes. So, take the necessary steps to manage your health with a proper diet and stay healthy.

Types of Diabetes

  • Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic condition which affects the way our body processes glucose (blood sugar). A person suffering from this type of diabetes, fails to make or use the insulin in the body. It can occur at any age, even childhood. However, this type of diabetes often occurs in middle-aged and older people and is also termed as the most common type of diabetes.

  • Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes again is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces low or no insulin at all. This is also when the immune system attackes and further destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. This type of diabetes is also mostly diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can also appear at any other age. People that suffer from this type of Diabetes need to take insulin every day.

  • Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes where high blood sugar is seen in a pregnant women. Most times, this type of diabetes goes away after the child takes birth. Now, if you have, at any time in your life, suffered from Gestational Diabetes, you will have a greater chance of developing Type 2 Diabetes. There is also a possibility that diabetes during pregnancy is Type 2 Diabetes only.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Some general symptoms of diabetes include increased hunger, thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, blurry vision, extreme weakness, sore that don’t heal. Some additional symptoms of diabetes in men include decrease in sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and poor muscle strength. Again, symptoms of diabetes in women include urinary tract infection, yeast infection, dry and itchy skin.

  • Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Increased hunger, increased thirst, frequent urination, blurry vision, weakness, and sores that are slow in healing.

  • Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Extreme Hunger, increased thirst, unintentional weight loss, blurry vision, frequent urination, mood swings, and tiredness.

  • Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

Women suffering from Gestational Diabetes don’t usually have any symptoms and detect it during routine blood sugar tests that are performed between the 24th and 28th weeks of gestation. Thirst and frequent urination can be stated as symptoms for Gestational Diabetes.

Causes of Diabetes

  • Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes grows with a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. If you are overweight or obese, the risk of Type 2 Diabetes increases.

  • Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is a case of accidental attack on the immune system that destroys insulin-producing, beta cells in the pancreas. In such a case, genes play a major role.

  • Causes of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes are a result of hormonal changes during pregnancy. This occurs when the placenta produces hormones which make a pregnant woman’s cells less sensitive to the effects of insulin.

Although, both environment and genes play a role in triggering diabetes, above were some major causes of diabetes. For more causes, symptoms, and other information relating to Diabetes, you can reach out to our experts at the Lifeline Laboratory.

Tests for Diabetes

Anyone with the symptoms of diabetes must be tested regularly. Doctors can use Blood Tests to diagnose pre-diabetes and diabetes. Here are some blood tests that they can require:

  • FBS (Fasting Blood Sugar) measures blood sugar after a fast of 8 hours.
  • A1C Test provides a summary of the blood sugar levels over the 3 previous months.
  • Gestational Diabetes can be tested between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. The doctor, during these weeks of gestation can test the blood sugar levels of the body.

Always Remember: The earlier you get your diabetes diagnosed, the sooner you can start your treatment.

You can reach our experts at the Lifeline Laboratory, the best diagnostic centre in Delhi and get your   checkup appointment fixed in cases of diabetes or any other health issue. You can also fill in for an online blood test with us.

Treatment for Diabetes

  • Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes

Well, diet and exercises can help in managing Type 2 Diabetes and if by making lifestyle changes don’t help in lowering blood sugar then you definitely need medication. So, contact your doctor and get the correct prescription for your trouble.

  • Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes

Insulin is the main treatment for Type 1 Diabetes as it replaces hormones that the body cannot produce itself. Now, you must know, there are 4 types of insulin differentiated by the time it takes to start making changes. But again, you must always consult your doctor for the right medications.

  • Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

To treat Gestational Diabetes, you first need to monitor your blood sugar level several times in a day during pregnancy and in case it is high, you must make dietary changes because exercises might or might not help too much in bringing the blood sugar down.

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