Monday, January 21

HIV, Hepatitis B and C: What you need to know

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What is HIV?

HIV is a virus that assaults cells in the immune system, which guards our body against sickness. The virus damages a kind of white blood cells in the immune system called as T-helper cell, and makes duplicates of itself inside these cells. T-helper cells are also known as CD4 cells.

As HIV crushes more CD4 cells and makes more duplicates of itself, it steadily debilitates an individual’s immune system. This implies somebody who has HIV, and isn’t taking antiretroviral treatment, will think that its increasingly hard to fend off infec and illnesses.


If HIV is left untreated, it might take up to 10 or 15 years for the immune system to be extremely damaged leading to a condition called AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

Essential facts about HIV

  • HIV represents human immunodeficiency virus.
  • Individuals with HIV can live a long and sound life by taking antiretroviral treatment which is effective and accessible to all.
  • When an individual has HIV, the moment they are diagnosed at the earliest, the sooner they can begin treatment which implies they will get better care and treatment
  • It is feasible for antiretroviral treatment to decrease the level of HIV in the body to such low point that blood tests can’t detect it.
  • Standard testing for HIV is critical to know your status.
  • The virus is found in semen, blood, vaginal and breast milk.
  • It can’t be passed on through sweat, spit or urine.
  • Utilizing male condoms or female condoms during sex is the most ideal approach to prevent HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Make sure if you take any type of injections, then the syringe needs to be new and to be disposed right after its use.
  • As for women who are pregnant and living with HIV, the infection in your blood could go into your child’s body, during birth or later through breastfeeding.

Hepatitis B & C

Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).

  • Acute HBV happens after an individual is exposed to HBV. In a few people, acute HBV can prompt chronic HBV.
  • Long term/ chronic HBV is a deep rooted infection. Without treatment, chronic HBV can cause liver cancer or liver cirrhosis that leads to liver failure.

HBV is an infectious virus that can spread from individual to individual. It can be treated with antiviral medicines.

Hepatitis C (HCV) is a virus that affects the liver. It can turn into a lifelong infection, and after some time it can cause fibrosis (mild to moderate liver scarring), cirrhosis (severe liver scarring), liver cancer etc.

Hepatitis C is regular among individuals living with HIV. And people using contaminated syringes for samples in drug users. This infection is sexually transmitted and transmitted through body fluids.

HIV can worsen hepatitis C. In addition to the fact that HIV increases the danger of liver harm, it can accelerate the beginning of liver damage following disease. It is critical for individuals who are co-infected with HIV and HCV to work intimately with their health care providers so as to securely and viably monitor and treat the two conditions.

Avoiding high-hazard practices, such as sharing needles or some other syringes and practicing safe sex is as yet the most ideal approach to prevent getting infected.

Most people do not seek medical help from their health care providers and this worsens their overall health. It is always recommended to discuss and get checked up from your doctor from time to time. If you too are looking forward to seek medical help from experienced mavericks in this field, then Best pathology lab in Delhi needs to be your go to choice. We have doctors who care for your wellbeing and guide you to a path of healthy lifestyle. If you want to know more, then get in touch now!










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