Stroke is a condition where the arteries of the brain are either blocked or they rupture causing damage of the brain tissue, leading to disability or death. Stroke is in fact the 5th cause of death worldwide.
There are many factors that cause an increase in the risk of having a stroke. These factors include
- Age—Risk of stroke increases with an increase in the age
- Heredity – If there is a family history of stroke the chances or risks are increased
- Race— African-Americans have a much higher risk of death from a stroke than Caucasians do.
- Sex (gender)—Women have more strokes than men .Birth control pills, gestational diabetes, smoking, and post-menopausal hormone therapy are some factors causing increasing in the risk of stroke in women.
- Prior stroke, TIA or heart attack— the risk of stroke is increased in people who show evidence of previous arterial disease such as heart attack or stroke.
Sometimes some people will have what is called the Silent Stroke .A silent stroke is usually found in the MRI and the person who has had. a silent stroke is not aware of when it happened. Silent stroke is not uncommon and studies show that 10 to 11 of the population after the age of 70 years have suffered at least once.
A silent stroke is different from the Mini stroke where the person will have brief symptoms of stroke which may last few minutes of few hours.
Silent strokes may lead to memory loss and it is important to prevent oneself from silent strokes and Mini strokes. Some measures that can help to prevent these silent strokes are
- Keeping the blood pressure in control by taking medication
- Maintaining optimal levels of blood Lipid levels
- Quitting smoking
- Exercise regularly
- Maintain a healthy diet