Heart is a muscular organ
that pumps blood to various parts of the body and provides oxygen .
The heart is working through
out the day and night and never stops working even for a second.
If proper precautions are
not taken,the arteries of the heart may get blocked leading to heart attacks.
Cholesterol is normally
present in the body and is a waxy substance with various functions . It is
important for the formation of Vitamin D in the body and is also essential for
the synthesis of many hormones .
There are two major types of cholesterol , the
‘good cholesterol ‘ also known as the HDL cholesterol ( high Density
Lipoprotein ) and the ‘Bad Cholesterol ‘ also called the low density
lipoprotein or LDL cholesterol.
lDL cholesterol is
responsible for depositing on the blood
vessel walls,forming plaques and
clogging the vessel walls .The HDL cholesterol is however protective and is
hence called the good cholesterol .
The first step towards a
healthy heart is to maintain an optimal cholesterol level .
The total cholesterol should
be less tha 200 mg/dl
The LDL cholesterol should
be less than 70 mg/dl if one has had previos history of hearyt disease of
should be less than 100mg/dl if one has no previos history of heart disease.
HDL cholesterol or Good Cholesterol should be Greater than 40 mg/dL for men and greater
than 50 mg/dL for women.
The recommended levels
of triglycerides should be less than 150
The levels of cholesterol
should be monitored as early as 20 years of age and regular cholesterol levels
shoould be monitored.
The best way to keep an optimal level of good
and bad cholesterol is by making some life style changes .
Meals should bemainly fresh
fruits,salads, vegetables and whole grains. Low fat dairy products can be consumed along
with poultry, fish, and nuts.Red
meat,simple carbohydrates such as sugars should be avoided.
Daily exerscise of atleast
one hour should be included in the routine.
One should quit smoking and
should also avoid second hand smoke.
A healthy weight should be
Patients who are diabetics
should maintaind their sugar levels and should control thier diabetes with
proper medication ,diet and exerscise.