Did you know?
Cervix is the lower part of the uterus connected to the vagina.
- Every 8 minutes, a woman dies of cervical cancer in India.
- Cancer of the cervix is the 3rd most common cancer in India.
- India accounts for nearly 1/4th of cervical cancer cases in the world.
- If detected in time, cervical cancer is easily and effectively manageable with a fairly good chance of prognosis of full recovery.
- Cervical cancer is preventable, by vaccination against HPV (Human Papillomavirus) infection, which is the most common cause of cervical cancer.
Causes & Risk Factors
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common cause of cervical cancer.
- Family history;
- Being sexually active before the age of 16 years; or being sexually active a year after beginning menstruation;
- Multiple sexual partners as well as multiple sexual partners of partner;
- Taking birth control pills for a duration of over 5 years;
- Sexually transmitted diseases;
- Low immunity.
- Painful intercourse;
- Very heavy periods;
- Bleeding between periods;
- Bleeding after intercourse;
- Bleeding after menopause;
- Vaginal discharge;
- Pain during urination;
- Swelling in feet and legs;
- Urinary tract infection;
- Weight loss;
- Lack of appetite;
- Pelvic pain;
- Lower back pain;
- HPV test: A cell sample from the cervix is collected with a spatula and tested in a pathological laboratory.
- Regular pelvic exam: The doctor conducts an external and internal physical examination of the female reproductive organs
- PAP smear every 3 years for women over 21 years and above.
If the results show the presence of abnormal cells, then the doctor may advise further tests like
- Practice safe sex;
- Quit smoking;
- Regular pelvic examination;
- PAP every 3 years for women over 21 years and above;
- HPV testing every 3 years (usually conducted along with a PAP smear).